Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and prediabetes are two conditions that affect many people. One way to treat these conditions is through exercise and diet, but there isn't much known about how they affect the good bacteria in our gut.
NAFLD happens when too much fat builds up in the liver, and it can cause major health problems like liver damage and even liver failure. Prediabetes happens when the body has too much sugar in the blood, but not enough to be called diabetes. Both of these conditions are linked to the way we eat and how much we exercise.
A clinical trial looked at how exercise and diet can change the bacteria in our gut and how this might help people with NAFLD and prediabetes. The trial lasted for 8.6 months and included four groups of people: one group that did aerobic exercise, one group that changed their diet, one group that did both exercise and changed their diet, and a control group that did not do anything.
The researchers looked at three things in the trial: how much fat was in the liver, how well the body used sugar, and the bacteria in the gut. The results showed that the group that did both exercise and changed their diet had the best results for all three things. This group had more types of good bacteria in their gut and their bacteria were more stable.
It's important to know that there were no bad effects from exercise and diet changes. Also, the trial showed that not everyone responded to exercise and diet changes in the same way. The researchers used a special test to figure out who responded well and who didn't.