People with type 1 diabetes often experience sleep problems, which can further complicate their management of the condition. Some of the most common sleep problems in people with type 1 diabetes include insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and delayed sleep phase syndrome.
Clinical TrialA clinical trial tested whether a new technology-assisted sleep intervention called Sleep-Opt-In could help people with type 1 diabetes improve their sleep habits and overall health. Short sleep duration and irregular sleep schedules are known to cause problems with managing blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, so finding a way to improve sleep could be very beneficial.
The study involved 14 adults with type 1 diabetes randomly assigned to the Sleep-Opt-In or healthy living attention control groups. The control group received general health advice. The Sleep-Opt-In group received an 8-week intervention that included digital lessons, a sleep tracker, and weekly phone calls with a trained sleep coach.
To measure the effectiveness of the intervention, the researchers looked at various factors, including sleep (measured using a device called an actigraphy), glucose levels (measured using a continuous glucose monitoring system), and patient-reported outcomes (such as fatigue and mood). These measurements were taken at the beginning of the study and again after the 8-week intervention.