Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects many women of reproductive age. One of the symptoms of PCOS is weight gain, and many women with PCOS also struggle with obesity. The relationship between PCOS and obesity is complex and poorly understood, but several factors may contribute to this association.
One possible explanation for the link between PCOS and obesity is insulin resistance. Women with PCOS often have insulin resistance, meaning their bodies have more difficulty using insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. This can lead to weight gain and difficulty losing weight, as insulin resistance can make it harder for the body to burn fat.
If you are struggling with obesity and PCOS, working with your healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that addresses both conditions is essential. This may include lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, exercise, and medication to help manage insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances.
In a clinical study, researchers compared two treatments for women with both conditions to see which was more effective. The study included 90 women between 18 and 40 years old with a body mass index (BMI) of 27.5 or higher and a waist circumference of 85 cm or higher. All of the women also had PCOS. They were split into two groups: one group was given medication (metformin and an oral contraceptive) for the first six months and then just metformin for the second 6 months, while the other group had surgery (laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy).