Celiac disease (CD) is a digestive disorder that affects many people around the world. It is a condition where the body's immune system reacts to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. This reaction leads to damage to the small intestine and can result in symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and indigestion. To manage celiac disease, patients need to follow a strict gluten-free diet (GFD). However, it can be challenging to follow the GFD, especially for patients who are newly diagnosed. This is where the new Persian-language application developed for celiac patients comes in.
The clinical trial aimed to assess the effectiveness of a three-month educational intervention delivered via smartphone application compared with standard care on the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale score in patients with celiac disease. The study involved 60 patients with CD who were randomly assigned to either receive education through a smartphone application (Number of patients = 30) or conventional clinical education (Number of patients = 30).
The people who got help from the smartphone app were told to use it to learn about their illness for three months. The scientists checked how the patients were feeling by giving them a questionnaire called GSRS (Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale). They gave the questionnaire at the beginning of the study and again three months later. The questionnaire asked about things like stomach pain, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, and indigestion. They used the answers to calculate a score for each patient.
Out of the 60 patients who were randomly selected to participate in the study, 58 patients completed it. The results showed that patients who used the smartphone application had a significant decrease in their indigestion symptoms compared to the traditional education group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of other gastrointestinal symptoms.