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Fibromyalgia Clinical Trial Results

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Fibromyalgia is a medical condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in localized areas. It is considered a chronic disorder that often coexists with other conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, migraines, and mood disorders. The exact cause of fibromyalgia is not well understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors.

Common symptoms of fibromyalgia

  • Widespread Pain: The pain associated with fibromyalgia is typically widespread and affects both sides of the body, above and below the waist.
  • Tenderness: People with fibromyalgia often experience heightened sensitivity to touch, and certain areas of the body may feel tender when pressure is applied.
  • Fatigue: Persistent fatigue and a lack of energy are common in individuals with fibromyalgia.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Many people with fibromyalgia experience sleep disturbances, including difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or achieving restorative sleep.
  • Cognitive Issues: Some individuals with fibromyalgia may experience cognitive difficulties, often referred to as "fibro fog." This can involve problems with memory, concentration, and attention.
  • Stiffness: Stiffness, particularly in the morning, is another common symptom of fibromyalgia.

Diagnosing fibromyalgia can be challenging because there is no specific test for it, and the symptoms can overlap with other conditions. Diagnosis is often based on a thorough medical history, physical examination, and the exclusion of other possible causes of the symptoms.

What are the causes of fibromyalgia?

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is not well understood, and it is likely to be multifactorial, involving a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Several factors have been proposed as potential contributors to the development of fibromyalgia, but none have been identified as a singular cause. Some of the factors that may play a role include:

  1. Genetics:

    There appears to be a genetic component to fibromyalgia, as it often runs in families. Certain genetic variations may increase susceptibility to the condition.

  2. Infections:

    Some infections, such as viruses or bacterial infections, have been suggested as potential triggers for fibromyalgia. However, there is no consistent evidence linking a specific infectious agent to the development of the condition.

  3. Physical or Emotional Trauma:

    Physical trauma, such as car accidents or injuries, and emotional trauma, such as significant stress or psychological distress, have been proposed as potential triggers for fibromyalgia in some individuals. However, not everyone with fibromyalgia has a history of trauma.

  4. Abnormal Pain Processing:

    People with fibromyalgia may have alterations in how their central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) processes pain signals. This may result in an increased sensitivity to pain and a lower threshold for pain perception.

  5. Hormonal Changes:

    Hormonal imbalances, particularly in the levels of certain neurotransmitters and hormones, such as serotonin and cortisol, may contribute to the development of fibromyalgia.

  6. Sleep Disturbances:

    Disruptions in sleep patterns, including difficulties in reaching deep, restorative sleep, are common in individuals with fibromyalgia. It is unclear whether sleep disturbances are a cause or a consequence of fibromyalgia.

It's important to note that fibromyalgia is a complex and heterogeneous condition, and the interplay of these factors may vary among individuals. Additionally, the onset of fibromyalgia symptoms can be triggered by a specific event or may develop gradually over time. Research is ongoing to better understand the underlying mechanisms of fibromyalgia and to identify more effective treatments for this condition.

Who is at risk for getting fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia can affect people of all ages, including children, but it is most commonly diagnosed in adults. Certain factors may increase the likelihood of developing fibromyalgia, although the condition can occur in individuals without these risk factors. Some factors associated with an increased risk of fibromyalgia include:

  • Gender: Fibromyalgia is more commonly diagnosed in women than in men. However, it can occur in both genders.
  • Age: While fibromyalgia can affect people of all ages, it is most often diagnosed in middle-aged individuals. The risk tends to increase with age.
  • Family History: There is evidence to suggest a genetic component to fibromyalgia. If a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has fibromyalgia, it may increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
  • Other Health Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or irritable bowel syndrome, may be associated with a higher risk of fibromyalgia.
  • Trauma or Injuries: Physical trauma, such as car accidents or injuries, has been linked to the development of fibromyalgia in some cases.
  • Stress and Emotional Factors: Psychological factors, including high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression, may contribute to the onset or exacerbation of fibromyalgia symptoms.

It's important to note that while these factors may be associated with an increased risk, they do not guarantee that an individual will develop fibromyalgia. Additionally, fibromyalgia can occur in the absence of these risk factors.

Diagnosing fibromyalgia can be challenging, as there is no specific test for it, and the symptoms can overlap with those of other conditions. If someone is experiencing persistent widespread pain and other symptoms associated with fibromyalgia, they should consult with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and diagnosis. Early detection and management can help improve quality of life for individuals with fibromyalgia.

How is fibromyalgia treated?

The treatment of fibromyalgia typically involves a multidisciplinary approach that addresses various aspects of the condition, including pain management, sleep disturbances, and psychological well-being. Treatment plans are often individualized based on the specific symptoms and needs of each person. Some common treatment options for fibromyalgia are:

  1. Medications:

    • Pain Relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may be used for mild to moderate pain.
    • Prescription Medications: Some medications specifically approved for fibromyalgia include duloxetine and milnacipran, which are antidepressants that can also help with pain management. Pregabalin, an anticonvulsant, is also approved for fibromyalgia.
  2. Physical Therapy and Exercise:

    • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can design an exercise program tailored to individual needs, helping improve strength, flexibility, and overall function.
    • Low-Impact Exercise: Activities such as walking, swimming, or cycling can be beneficial for individuals with fibromyalgia. Gradual and consistent exercise is often recommended.
  3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

    • CBT is a type of talk therapy that helps individuals manage and cope with the emotional and psychological aspects of fibromyalgia. It can be effective in improving mood and reducing pain perception.
  4. Sleep Management:

    • Establishing good sleep hygiene practices, such as maintaining a regular sleep schedule and creating a comfortable sleep environment, can help improve sleep quality.
  5. Stress Management:

    • Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and relaxation exercises can be helpful in managing stress, which may contribute to fibromyalgia symptoms.
  6. Lifestyle Modifications:

    • Making lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress, and avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol, can contribute to overall well-being.
  7. Medication for Sleep:

    • In some cases, medications that promote sleep may be prescribed to address sleep disturbances associated with fibromyalgia.
  8. Alternative Therapies:

    • Some people find relief with alternative therapies such as acupuncture, massage, chiropractic care, or herbal supplements. It's important to discuss these options with a healthcare provider before trying them.

It's crucial for individuals with fibromyalgia to work closely with their healthcare team to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses their specific symptoms and needs. Treatment may involve a combination of these approaches, and adjustments to the plan may be made over time based on the individual's response and changing symptoms.

To learn more about fibromyalgia, visit websites such as Mayo Clinic, or the National Institute of Health.

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Results of recent Clinical Trials:

Ozone Therapy Effects on Pain and Sleep Quality for Fibromyalgia Ozone Therapy Effects on Pain and Sleep Quality for Fibromyalgia
October 4, 2023 - Clinical trial shows ozone therapy improved sleep problems and decreased pain in patients with fibromyalgia.

Green-Light Filtering Eyeglasses for Fibromyalgia Pain Relief? Green-Light Filtering Eyeglasses for Fibromyalgia Pain Relief?
September 10, 2023 - Clinical trial shows green-light filtering eyeglasses did not reduce opioid use in patients with fibromyalgia, but there was no increase in pain.

Fibromyalgia and Heart: A Clinical Trial Explores the Connection Fibromyalgia and Heart: A Clinical Trial Explores the Connection
June 22, 2023 - A clinical trial reveals how fibromyalgia affects heart rate and stress response.

Clinical Trial explores Innovative Treatment for Fibromyalgia Clinical Trial explores Innovative Treatment for Fibromyalgia
May 2, 2023 - Clinical trial finds that photobiomodulation therapy improves pain, self-efficacy & quality of life for fibromyalgia patients.

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This content is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or to take the place of such advice or treatment from a personal physician. All readers/viewers of this content are advised to consult their doctors or qualified health professionals regarding specific health questions. CenTrial Data Ltd. does not take responsibility for possible health consequences of any person or persons reading or following the information in this educational content. Treatments and clinical trials mentioned may not be appropriate or available for all trial participants. Outcomes from treatments and clinical trials may vary from person to person. Consult with your doctor as to whether a clinical trial is a suitable option for your condition. Assistance from generative AI tools may have been used in writing this content.