Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Not only the disease but also its treatment can result in adverse reactions and several techniques have been proposed to manage medication-related side effects in cancer patients. A clinical trial investigates the use of physical exercise and rehabilitation programs in cancer-related fatigue.
Advances in the treatment and care of cancer patients have led to an increase in five-year survival from cancer. The increase in life expectancy and survival time implies an increase in people living with side effects of pharmacological treatments. Cancer-related fatigue, pain, dyspnea, and depression are the main symptoms secondary to cancer treatment. These symptoms decrease the functionality and quality of life associated with increased survival in cancer patients.
Physical exercise is an important aspect of overall health and well-being. It can help improve cardiovascular health, strengthen bones and muscles, and even reduce the risk of chronic diseases. However, physical exercise can be challenging for cancer patients who may experience fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms related to their condition and treatment. Physical exercise and rehabilitation programs have been proposed as an option in the management of these medication-related side effects, however, clinical studies on their effectiveness are scanty.
Clinical TrialTo help address this issue, a group of researchers conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal physical exercise and functional rehabilitation program in oncological patients with cancer-related fatigue. The results of this study were published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
The trial involved a total of 48 participants who were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a control group. The intervention group received a multimodal physical exercise and functional rehabilitation program for 1 month, while the control group received standard care. The outcomes measured were pain, quality of life, fatigue, and functional capacity.